Web Accessibility and Section 508 Training for Experienced Web Designers

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Course Outline

In this web accessibility course, students will learn why and how to create websites that meet the Section 508 standards for website accessibility. This class targets web designers - i.e, the people who will be responsible for creating the accessible pages. Students attending this class are expected to have expert knowledge of HTML and at least intermediate knowledge of CSS.

If you are interested in a class for non-designers, project managers, testers, and/or decision makers, please see our Web Accessibility and Section 508 Training for Managers class, which includes a quick introduction to HTML and CSS.

  1. An Introduction to Section 508
    1. What is Section 508?
    2. What Does it Mean to be "Accessible?"
    3. Standards Make the Job Easier
    4. Other Forces for Accessibility
  2. Text Equivalents
    1. Text Alternatives for Images (alt-text)
    2. Choosing Text Equivalents for Images And Image Links
      1. Choosing Text Equivalents for Client-Side Image Map Areas
      2. Creating Quality Text Alternatives
      3. Using Long Descriptions for Text Equivalents
    3. Alt-Text
  3. Assessing Your Site's Accessibility
    1. Accessibility Toolbars
      1. The Web Accessibilty Toolbar for IE
    2. Using Your Browser
      1. Viewing Your Page Without Images
      2. Changing Fonts and Colors
      3. Accessibility Testing Tools
    3. Using Lynx
    4. Using IBM Home Page Reader
    5. Using Other Evaluation and Repair Tools
    6. Web Accessibility
  4. Navigation
    1. Accessible In-page Navigation
      1. The 508 Requirements for in-page Navigation
      2. Other Navigation Ideas
      3. Accessible Links
    2. In-Page Navigation
    3. Frame Navigation
  5. Accessible Image Maps
    1. Examples of Image Maps
    2. Accessible Image Maps
      1. Client-Side Image Maps
      2. Server-Side Image Maps
      3. Complex Client-Side Image Maps
    3. Image Map Accessibility
  6. Audio and Multimedia
    1. Some Definitions
      1. Section 508 Requirement for Transcripts
    2. Requirement for Captioning
    3. SAMI
    4. SMIL
    5. Video Descriptions
    6. Audio and Multimedia
  7. Special Cases
    1. Never Depend on Color Alone
    2. Color Contrast
    3. Avoid Flicker
    4. Timed Responses
    5. Text-Only Page as a Last Resort
    6. Color
  8. Accessible Forms
    1. Form Basics
    2. Push Buttons
      1. Image Buttons
    3. Generalized Buttons
    4. Text Entry Fields
      1. Make Sure Labels are Close to Text Fields
      2. What About the Prompt in the Text Entry Field?
      3. Associate Labels with Elements
    5. Radio Buttons and Check Boxes
    6. Select Menus
    7. Attribute for Form Controls
    8. An Example Collection of Form Controls
    9. Accessible Forms
  9. Accessible Tables
    1. Table Basics
    2. Using the
    3. Using Column and Row Headers
    4. Using the
    5. Accessible Tables
    6. Accessible Complex Table
  10. Scripts and Applets
    1. JavaScript
      1. JavaScript Accessibility Concerns
      2. The Section 508 Standard
      3. Comparison of JavaScript Requirements
      4. Turn Off JavaScript in Your Browser
      5. Accessibility Problems With Events
      6. Different Roles for JavaScript Content
      7. Direct Content
      8. Changes in Attributes
      9. Verification in Forms
      10. Hidden Content
    2. The Evolving Standards and Guidelines
      1. Keyboard Access
      2. Roles States and Values
    3. Ajax and Web 2.0
    4. Applets and Plug-ins
  11. Cascading Style Sheets
    1. Style Sheet Overview
    2. Individual Settings
    3. Reading Web Pages without CSS
    4. Using CSS to Simulate Markup - Don't
    5. CSS Positioning
    6. Background Images
    7. Visibility and Image Replacement
    8. CSS
  12. Review of Section 508 Standards for Web Accessibility
    1. Section 1194.22 (a) Offer Text Equivalents
    2. Section 1194.22 (b) Present Synchronized Multimedia
    3. Section 1194.22 (c) Remain Independent of Color
    4. Section 1194.22 (d) Stay Independent of Style Sheets
    5. Section 1194.22 (e) Provide Redundant Links for Server-Side Maps
    6. Section 1194.22 (f) Use Client-Side Image Maps
    7. Section 1194.22 (g) Label Row and Column Headers
    8. Section 1194.22 (h) Use the Headers Attribute in Complex Tables
    9. Section 1194.22 (i) Supply Frame Titles (attributes and elements)
    10. Section 1194.22 (j) Reduce Flicker
    11. Section 1194.22 (k) Offer a Text-only Alternative (LAST RESORT)
    12. Section 1194.22 (l) Write Accessible Scripts
    13. Section 1194.22 (m) Specify Accessible Applets and Plug-ins
    14. Section 1194.22 (n) Design Accessible Forms
    15. Section 1194.22 (o) Offer Skip Navigation
    16. Section 1194.22 (p) Alert Users to Timed Responses

Web Accessibility: Web Standards and Regulatory Compliance

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